Type 2 diabetes is a disease that is becoming more and more common around the world. According to recent data, only in the last 10 years the number of patients has increased by 60%. Type 2 diabetes accounts for approximately 90% of all diabetics. Whether you are looking for information for yourself, your spouse or a loved one, it is important to understand the causes, symptoms and available treatments for diabetes anyway.
Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas cells that produce insulin become unable to produce enough or when the insulin produced is not perceived by the body – this condition is also known as insulin resistance. Unfortunately, this disease is a lifelong one. In the UK alone, it affects about 2.88 million people. But even if these figures do not frighten you, you can live a full and healthy life with the right information, the right attitude and the right lifestyle. Diabetes 1 and 2 types differ from each other in several ways. Thus, in contrast to type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes is usually found in people over the age of 40 years. However, unhealthy diet and lifestyle may determine the development of diabetes at any age. Previously, it was called adulthood diabetes because it was more common among older people, but with increasing obesity and the number of young people leading sedentary lifestyles, the risk for young adults, adolescents and children increased.
WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF TYPE 2 DIABETES
It was found that lifestyle, nutrition and national identity may have a direct impact on the likelihood of a person having Type 2 diabetes. Studies have shown that people of African and Creole origin are 3 times more likely to develop the disease, while people from southern Asia are almost 6 times more likely to have it.
PREVENTING TYPE 2 DIABETES
The most important thing is to keep a positive mood and be ready for changes. Try to wean yourself from possible bad habits and think about what pleases you – it will help to move to a healthier lifestyle. You can start walking more or try new, healthier recipes – anything you want to do, the main thing is to do with enthusiasm. If you are in an age group with a higher risk of diabetes, or if you have an unfavorable family history, it is not a reason to worry too much. Just read this article and try to enjoy a healthy lifestyle.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS OF TYPE 2 DIABETES?
Another important factor that differentiates type 1 and type 2 diabetes is that type 1 diabetes occurs within a few weeks and type 2 diabetes develops slowly over a longer period of time. Because of this, gradually manifesting symptoms are often overlooked.
Briefly looking at the symptoms of type 2 diabetes, we can identify 3 main symptoms:
- Excessive thirst. This condition is also known as polydipsia; in fact, it is a persistent desire to drink water despite the use of an adequate amount during the day.
- Excessive hunger. By analogy with polydipsia, this symptom is called polyphagia. Persisting intense hunger for lack of physical activity may be an indicator of the presence of problems in the body.
- Increased urination. The last of the three main symptoms and the last “P” is polyuria. It can be described as unusual or irregular urination, maintaining this character day after day.
SIDE EFFECTS OF TYPE 2 DIABETES
Here are some of the most common complications of type 2 diabetes:
- Damage to the heart and blood vessels. Diabetes dramatically increases the risk of a variety of cardiovascular problems, including coronary heart disease and hypertension, which may eventually lead to heart attack.
- Damage to the eyes and feet. Diabetes can have a significant effect on the blood vessels of the eyes, which can lead to cataract and glaucoma, and in severe cases – even blindness. Stops also often suffer from nerve damage and poor blood flow. Because diabetics have slower wound healing processes, any small damage to the foot can quickly turn into a severe lesion.
- Affection to the nerves. High blood sugar (glucose) levels for a long time can damage the capillaries responsible for the nerve endings in the extremities, such as the legs. As a result, a tingling sensation or numbness may occur, which eventually leads to a loss of sensitivity in the affected areas.