Diabetes mellitus is a chronic endocrine progressive disease characterized by a relative or complete deficiency of insulin, a pancreatic hormone.
How can I regain a full life with a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus?
Diabetes mellitus is not a sentence. It can be reversed even in its initial stages of development. How to recognize the disease, stop its course or continue to fight the “sweet enemy” as equals? What is insulin responsible for? It directs the processes of energy metabolism in the body. This hormone helps glucose get into the cell. If insulin is lacking, blood sugar rises significantly.
Symptoms: unremitting feeling of thirst; increased frequency of urination; weight changes regardless of lifestyle (both upward and downward); poor wound healing; skin infections, itching; tendency to overwork; increased hunger, no complete saturation after meals; tingling in the extremities, you often “chills” on the body; problems with sexual activity; dry mouth; visual impairment.
Risk Factors. If parents are susceptible to the disease, in 50% of cases the child is also affected. A sedentary lifestyle puts you in a risk group. Abuse of an unbalanced diet (fatty or high-carbohydrate foods) also poses a threat to your health. It takes an average of 5-7 years from the onset of the disease to diagnosis. There are about 3-4 people per newly diagnosed patient, who do not even suspect the presence of their insidious disease. At the same time, taking certain medications or endocrine disorders can relapse diabetes. The occurrence of secondary diabetes occurs with improper function of the thyroid gland, adrenal glands, during the use of glucocorticosteroid drugs (these are analogs of hormones produced by the adrenal cortex; have an anti-inflammatory effect, artificially suppress immunity in autoimmune diseases; have an antishock effect, prevent the appearance of allergies) diuretics (increase urine flow), salicylates (substances that have anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and analgesic effects).
There are certain types of diabetes mellitus
- Type 1 diabetes mellitus occurs more often in adolescents and young adults. This category of disease is associated with the death of insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. This means that insulin completely disappears from the internal environment. As a result, cells are unable to assimilate sugar and remain without an energy boost. Type 1 manifests itself after viral infections, malfunctions of the immune system and less frequently – due to hereditary predisposition. In this case, the body weight may remain normal, even decreasing.
- Type 2 diabetes mellitus accounts for an average of 80% of all cases. It occurs mainly in people after the age of 40 who are overweight, lead a sedentary lifestyle and abuse an improper diet. In the presence of this type of diabetes, there is a delivery of insulin to the body from the beta cells, but the cells lose the ability to recognize it.
- There is also pregnancy diabetes or gestational diabetes (during pregnancy there is a disorder of carbohydrate metabolism), and diabetes resulting from insufficient nutrition.